Earth

Apocalypse

Credits (photography) | © 2021 - Global (licensed). Attempt to extinguish forest fires (illustration).

Who does not remember these dramatic videos of the devastating fires in Australia in 2020? We then spoke of a massacre, of an apocalypse. Hundreds of millions of animals and hundreds of thousands of hectares were decimated. These numbers don't even mean anything anymore. But the macabre tally continues each year and affects entire regions of the globe.

Gnawed hope

Global warming is on the rise. No one can doubt it anymore. There have been many massive protests over the past 15 years to denounce it, powerful outbursts to ward off it and yet nothing changes, nothing really changes. From October 31, 2021 (officially November 1), COP 26 will be held in Glasgow, Scotland ( see our file ). According to the former French Prime Minister Laurent Fabius and great architect of the Paris Agreement presented and initialed during the cop21 which was held in the same city, “The Paris summit, which I chaired in 2015, became the Reference COP; that of Glasgow, in 2021, must be an accelerator of the action. What everyone hopes, specialist or not, are concrete and relatively short-term results ”(interview in the Journal du dimanche on October 24, 2021).

A terrible observation ...

What was indeed a great media show of world ecology at the time (we remember his emotion during the ceremony), is very far from having brought even the beginning of an effective response in the fight against global warming. Traveling to Milan in September 2021, Greta Thunberg, in her barely contained anger that is so familiar to her, was simply speaking the truth and regardless of the appalling comments and attacks she regularly receives. "Blablabla", unfortunately, is all we will remember about her, as if inevitably our minds brooded immediately, never worrying about the future ... too near.

Credits

Credits (Youtube video) | © 2021 - BFMTV (all rights reserved). Greta Thunberg in Milan (illustration).

Then a number: 22%. This is the increase in deforestation in the Amazon rainforest in one year, information presented in the report of the INPE (National Institute of Space Research of Brazil), dated November 18, 2021 (data obtained by PRODES). The two main causes are the intensification of animal husbandry and the expansion of very often illegal mining activities in normally protected territories and Indian reserves. The Brazilian President is therefore keeping his promises made to the agricultural and mining industry lobbies. This figure beats the record of 2015. For the month of October 2021 alone, 877 km² were deforested, a record broken in one year for five years. One example among many others.

Now let's look at the IPCC report , published in August 2021. Unfortunately, it is crystal clear! Some of their conclusions jump out at us:

"Climate change is intensifying the water cycle. This brings more intense rains, with accompanying flooding, and more intense droughts in many areas.

• Climate change is changing the distribution of rainfall. Precipitation is likely to increase at high latitudes, while a decrease is projected over much of the subtropics. Changes are expected in the monsoon rains, which will vary from region to region.

• Coastal areas will face rising sea levels throughout the 21st century, which will help increase the frequency and severity of flooding in low-lying areas and accentuate coastal erosion. The extreme sea level episodes that occurred once every 100 years in the past could occur annually by the turn of the century.

• Continued warming will amplify thawing permafrost and loss of seasonal snowpack, melting glaciers and ice caps, and diminishing arctic sea ice in summer.

• Changes in the ocean, including warming, increased frequency of marine heat waves, acidification and declining oxygen content, have been clearly linked to human activities. They affect marine ecosystems, as well as the populations that depend on them, and they will continue at least until the end of this century.

• It is possible that some aspects of climate change are accentuated in cities, including heat (urban settings are often warmer than surrounding areas) and, in coastal towns, flooding due to heavy rainfall and rising sea levels. ”

Acts !

Right off the bat, we'll miss the maximum target of 1.5 degrees of temperature rise. It is the entire cryosphere (water in a solid state such as snow and ice) that is in turmoil. The irreversible and catastrophic consequences will be exponential in intensity and time.

"Accelerated warming

The report provides new estimates of the possibility that global warming will exceed 1.5 ° C over the next few decades and argues that unless there are immediate reductions , rapid and massive greenhouse gas emissions, limiting warming to around 1.5 ° C, or even 2 ° C, will be out of reach. "

In other words: these consequences will be much faster and more violent than expected. Sea levels continue to rise and threaten all coastlines, as well as all towns and villages bordered by rivers. The acidification of the oceans and the disruption of ocean currents also threaten the biosphere which includes the hydrosphere, with the major risks of a cataclysmic depletion of biodiversity and a collapse of food pyramids.

Permafrost (permafrost), made up of all the frozen soils (0 degrees or less) on the planet (20%), over a period of at least two years in a row, covered by a thin layer of earth, also continues to melt. This permafrost contains decaying organic matter producing carbon as well as methane in impressive quantities (billions of tonnes). Once released, methane is a potent greenhouse gas that accelerates the warming of the atmosphere and further destroys the ozone layer. In addition to the impact on the climate, this thaw can deform the foundations of entire cities and would contain known viruses, such as anthrax, or unknown, accumulated there over thousands of years. It is a genuine vicious cycle.

This report, like thousands of others from most NGOs and official bodies, is piling up at a frantic pace as the domino effect more complex and expansive, paralyzes the world. We are overwhelmed. It is therefore no longer a question of speaking, but of concrete action. All the values ​​of the indicators reported on the tangible, measurable effects of global warming are constantly revised upwards.

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Art and Earth
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ISSN 1918-4913

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Nice - FRANCE / Montreal - CANADA
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Image

Art and Earth
Magazine
tm © ®
© 2022 Trademark - All rights reserved.

ISSN 1918-4913

Company based in
Nice - FRANCE / Montreal - CANADA
Only by appointment...

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